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Marking the Passage of Time: The Old City of Berne: UNESCO Culture Sector

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Subido el 1 de junio de 2007 por Educamadrid P.

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Berne used to be a major departure point for postal services and stagecoaches. The clock tower was used to set a standard time. To maintain correct time on the clock, the tower has been regularly checked by the clocksmiths of the city over numerous generations.

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Vídeos en Inglés, World Heritage
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      • Nivel Intermedio
NHK World Heritage 100 Series - UNESCO
Subido por:
Educamadrid P.
Reconocimiento - No comercial - Sin obra derivada
1 de junio de 2007 - 10:52
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"Berne, the capital city of Switzerland, lies at the foot of the Alps in Central Europe. It is surrounded by rivers on three sides making it a natural fortress. It has long thrived as a political centre. The city’s Cathedral is 100 metres tall – construction began in the 15th Century and took 400 years to complete. From the top of the Cathedral tower, people can see all of the old city where the medieval townscape, inscribed as World Heritage, remains intact.

The whole old city of Berne is The main street stretches from east to west across the city and is filled with a wide variety of shops. There is an old clock shop on one street corner. Clockmakers along with the industries of other skilled craftsmen flourished in Berne. Otto Scherer has been a clocksmith for 50 years. He even receives work from overseas clients who count on his masterly skill to fix old clocks.

He has another important job in this town. And he is also one of the controllers of the city’s clock tower. "That is Zytglogge, a clock tower. Let’s go over there." The clock tower standing on the main street is known as "Zytglogge". It has been keeping time in Berne since the 16th century. Built-in dolls come out of the clock at noon each day to dance around and tell the time. The clock has a sophisticated mechanism, working with many giant cogs. The driving force is a simple coiled spring. Mr Scherer winds up the coil for 15 minutes every day. This is how he adjusts the time by changing the length of the pendulum. The necessary adjustments have been made.

A world famous scientist in physics lived in this town in the early 20th century. Albert Einstein. At the time he was an unknown person who worked in the patent bureau in Berne. He introduced his famous "Theory of Relativity" during his time in the city. The theory explained that space is relative and not constant, and the only thing that is constant is the velocity of light. It was a major breakthrough in Physics. It is said that Einstein once told his wife Mileva as; ……"In my Theory of Relativity, clocks exist everywhere in space."

This is the view of the clock tower from his room. It was maybe because of Berne - where clocks continue to tick over centuries - that the Theory of Relativity, a concept that time is not constant, could have been born."

03′ 07″
Relación de aspecto:
4:3 Hasta 2009 fue el estándar utilizado en la televisión PAL; muchas pantallas de ordenador y televisores usan este estándar, erróneamente llamado cuadrado, cuando en la realidad es rectangular o wide.
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