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Mysterious Giant Plant: Mount Kenya National Park: UNESCO Culture Sector

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Subido el 1 de junio de 2007 por Educamadrid P.

223 visualizaciones

The savanna sits astride the Equator in Kenya; it is where wild animals roam. The mountain in the distance dominating the plains is Mount Kenya. 5199 meters above sea level, it is Africa’s second highest mountain after Mount Kilimanjaro.

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Idioma/s:
en
Etiquetas:
Vídeos en Inglés, World Heritage
Niveles educativos:
▼ Mostrar / ocultar niveles
      • Nivel Intermedio
Autor/es:
NHK World Heritage 100 Series - UNESCO
Subido por:
Educamadrid P.
Licencia:
Reconocimiento - No comercial - Sin obra derivada
Visualizaciones:
223
Fecha:
1 de junio de 2007 - 10:52
Visibilidad:
Público
Enlace Relacionado:
UNESCO
Descripción ampliada:

This is one of the valleys at 4,300m. Strange-shaped giant plants can be seen growing on the slopes her. The area defies all rules of accepted botanical knowledge. Alpine plants grow higher than human height. It makes people feel as if they are wandering into an unknown and ancient world. The most notable example is the Giant Senecio which grows to over 7 meters in height and has very peculiar shape. It looks similar to the cycad of the Dinosaur era; however it is a genuine angiosperm which flowers on top. It belongs to the Asteraceae family.

This is Dendrosenecio brassica. It also belongs to the Asteraceae family, but the thickness of its stem is more than 1 meter in diameter. The tip of the stem is hidden inside the layers of leaves. This is the most important part of the plant for growth. The temperature now is below freezing point. This is what’s happening inside. Dendrosenecio brassica protect themselves from the cold with an antifreeze solution and layers of thick leaves. Damp air from the Indian Ocean hits Mount Kenya and forms a thick fog which lingers in the valley. Giant plants gather moisture from the mist. However, the daytime temperature on the Equator goes up to 30 degrees Celsius. The temperature inside the stem does not change much despite the drastic temperature change outside. It’s empty inside. Air is stored to be warmed up during the daytime. The dead leaves around the stem act as an insulator to maintain a consistent temperature during the freezing cold at night. It is said that this is how Giant Senecio started to grow into giant plants. The more air they can store, the warmer they can stay. The gigantic plants altered their shape to survive in a unique environment on Mount Kenya.

Duración:
03′
Relación de aspecto:
4:3 Hasta 2009 fue el estándar utilizado en la televisión PAL; muchas pantallas de ordenador y televisores usan este estándar, erróneamente llamado cuadrado, cuando en la realidad es rectangular o wide.
Resolución:
480x360 píxeles
Tamaño:
18.12 MBytes

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